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10.29雅思考情回忆来了!

作者: 2022-10-31 14:48 来源:杭州编辑
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  雅思听力考情回忆


  2022.10.29雅思听力考情回忆


  今天的听力考试为两篇新题两篇旧题,各部分的场景和题型还是比较常规的,有考生提出听力part4要翻页,一些同学题目都没有看,判断的机会都没有,直接漏题,心好痛。请考生们注意10道题目的完整性,确保审题完毕。第二个特点是,部分考点取了先考阅读,再考听力的顺序。上次出现类似情况是在2020年。即便不巧碰上了也要淡定,题目还是那些题目。具体答案回忆如下,各位参加考试的同学们可以参考进行回忆。


  Part1:旧题


  场景:求职


  题型:10道填空题


  难易度:一般


  参考《新航道雅思听力速递机经S1&S4》No.146 P 69


  题型:填空


  1. date of birth: 8th/30th March 1988


  2. telephone: 0903775115


  3. transport she prefers to choose: train


  4. destination: northern Europe


  5. the girl wants to find a job in the hotel


  6. job agency recommends her to alternative work: farm work


  7. it is better to buy a European Pass ticket to travel


  8. provide a booklet with detailed information about accommodation


  9. take out insurance from agency


  10. contact family member via an internet cafe


  P1点评:该场part1和《新航道雅思听力速递机经S1&S4》的第146篇内容基本相似,关于一位女生找兼职工作的内容。难度不大,出题点比较常规,如个人信息,交通方式,工作地点,提供资料等。注意“排除同类干扰”的信息可能会成为一部分同学的难点,详细可以看《速递》里括号的部分。剑桥真题的part1有诸多相关的的题目,平时要多注意积累场景中表达方式,确保拼写正确。


  Part2:新题


  场景:茶叶


  题型:选择+匹配(答案有争议)


  难易度:中等


  11-15 选择


  11C(A meet famous people  C luxury)


  12B(hotel)


  13C


  14B(customers can buy)


  15C


  16-20 匹配


  16H


  17D


  18A


  19B


  20F


  P2点评:该场P2是常规的题型搭配:涉及到5题单选和5道匹配,该部分题干回忆暂时缺失(括号里的关键词仅供参考)。


  Part3 新题,暂无题目回忆


  场景:司法语言学


  题型:选择+匹配(答案有争议)


  21-25  选择B  A  B  A  B


  26-30  匹配 E  D  A  C  E


  P3点评:该题是常见的选择题搭配匹配的学术类话题。该部分题干回忆暂时缺失。


  Part4 旧题


  场景:历史类-日本的旧石器时代


  题型:笔记填空


  难易度:中等


  参考《新航道雅思听力速递机经S1&S4》No.129 P151


  31. Jomon’s existence in Japan for 10000 B.C.


  32. Jomon men got into Japan through the land bridge


  33. temperature rise leads to growth of moreforest and species


  34. major food: nuts and fish


  35. as weapons: arrows


  36. southwest of this places: villages rounded building


  37. lead to the rise of population


  38. pairs of stones for preparing food


  39. tradition of local marriage ceremonies


  40. pottery is a revolutionary technology


  另一版本为:crop grown was rice


  P4点评:主题话题是人文类。从答案词来看,整体上拼写难度不大,pottery可能许多考生会出现词汇拼写错误。该场景主题是介绍绳文先民通过大陆桥(land bridge)来到日本后的生活环境描述(forest),饮食习惯(nuts and fish 以及 rice),生活习惯(stones, arrows),居住建筑(village),传统文化(marriage)等方面展开。同类别的题目可以参考迁徙类的话题。


  雅思阅读考情回忆


  2022.10.29雅思阅读考情回忆&分析:


  总览:纵观整一个十月来说,考试的难度都不算很高。但是今天早上很多考场又是先考的阅读,再来听力,考麻了都。不过这种事情出现的多了,大家基本也就处变不惊了,毕竟对整体的发挥是不造成太大影响的。


  Passage 1:方向感的性别差异


  首次出现:2022.10.29(新题)


  类别:社会


  难度:★


  题型配比:判断5+填空8


  分析:今天的P1是一篇友好的填空+判断的新题,题型配比标准且好入手。基本上雅思阅读选文章的套路,也不可能为了证明男性、女性到底是谁方向感更强,基本也就是得出大家各有所长各有千秋的结论。


  参考答案:暂缺


  Passage 2:Muscle Loss 肌肉萎缩


  首次出现:2012.4.21


  类别:医学


  难度:★★


  题型配比:段匹6+多选2+原词填空5


  分析:Passage 2是一篇医学类的老题,关于医生和科学家们长达几十年对抗各种情况之下人体出现的肌肉萎缩的历程。题型配比虽然比较常规,但是出乎老师们意料的是整个十月就真的干干净净一道Heading都没考,11月考试的同学可是要注意这个题型了。


  参考原文:


  Muscle Loss


  A  For people confined to bed for long periods of time, or for astronauts in microgravity, muscle wasting is a serious problem. Wasting, or atrophy, is a symptom not only of disuse and injury, but of many diseases, including kidney failure, cancer and AIDS. Once enough muscle has been lost a vicious cycle sets in as exercise becomes increasingly difficult, which in turn leads to disuse and further atrophy.


  B  Despite more than three decades of research into alternatives, the only way to stop such patients losing muscle is a long course of physiotherapy involving weight-bearing exercise, but this is of little use to the weakest and sickest - and in most cases starts only after wasting has already set in. The use of anabolic steroids is being explored for some conditions. But these compounds have a huge range of effects on the body besides promoting muscle growth, some of them undesirable, and only appear to work well in conjunction with exercise.


  C  Alfred Goldberg, a cell biologist at Harvard University, began studying muscle atrophy in the late 1960s. What he and others discovered was that, rather than being a passive side effect of disuse or disease, muscle wasting is an active process controlled by a complex genetic pathway. So, if someone found out how it was turned on, it ought to be possible to turn it off. "Back then we didn't know the pathway for muscle breakdown," says Goldberg, "but about five years ago our work showed that no matter what the trigger - disuse, metabolic disease or fasting - the same biochemical programme is responsible."


  The process involves the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP), the disposal machinery used to break down unwanted proteins in the cell (New Scientist, 17 December 2005, p 36). Once the system has been activated, ubiquitin "destroy me" labels are added to muscle proteins. This breaks down the muscle filaments within cells, but does not change the number of muscle cells. Instead they become thinner and weaker. Further studies showed that at least 90 genes are involved in atrophy; Goldberg calls them "atrogenes. Although it is still unknown which of these genes trigger atrophy, it soon became clear that two of them are essential to the process. Atrogin1 and muRF1, were first described in 2001 and are the only two atrogenes active only during muscle atrophy. They code for ubiquitin ligases, the enzymes that attach the "destroy me" labels to proteins. The genes are barely active in normal muscle but expression levels shoot up in sick animals. Knock out either and muscle wasting all but stops.


  D  An experiment was conducted on a superboy who is normal at his birth, lacking fat but the age of five, he can be excellent in weight lifting as much as three kilograms. The scientists found that is closely related to his mother, who is a professional runner, and his extensive family has unusual strength ability. But the drug can have temporary function.


  E  There are still many gaps to be filled in, but those in the field agree that the question is no longer if we can develop anti-wasting treatments, but when. As researchers close in on this target, excitement is mounting about exactly what such treatments could achieve. Patients due to be confined to bed for more than a few days could be given the drug as soon as they begin bed rest to prevent muscle loss that would otherwise slow their recovery. Weaning patients off respirators would become easier as doctors could prevent wasting of the diaphragm. Disease need no longer lead to weakness, and broken bones would not mean long and painful physiotherapy sessions to rebuild muscle strength. And since loss of muscle mass is a major reason why we grow frail with age, an anti-wasting drug could keep older people on their feet and living independently for longer.


  F  The prospect of preventing atrophy is also of great interest to NASA, particularly in view of its much talked-about mission to Mars. By the time astronauts reach the Red Planet they can expect to lose up to 25 per cent of their muscle mass and be too weak to walk, let alone put on a space suit and carry out repairs. That is why Goldberg's work is funded by the National Space Biomedical Research Institute in Houston, Texas, set up by NASA.


  G  While there are valid medical and space applications for anti-wasting drugs, as a safer alternative to steroids they will inevitably be hugely tempting for athletes too, not to mention the lazy well. Although Goldberg is keen to point out that helping cheats and couch potatoes is not the focus of his work, he admits that it will undoubtedly happen sooner or later.


  参考答案:段匹 14-19 E B C G D F/ 多选 20-21 B E


  原词填空 22-26 fat, three kilograms, professional runner, extraordinary strength, myotonia


  Passage 3:中世纪的大不列颠


  首次出现:2018.7.7


  类别:历史


  难度:★★★


  题型配比:单选5+句首配句尾4+判断5


  分析:18年的一篇次新题,展现了人类光辉闪耀(文艺复兴)又多灾多难(查士丁尼瘟疫+黑死病)的中世纪。大家都知道单选题的两种主要搭档是句首配句尾和选词填空,照理说应该是选词填空更常见,但9月的后几场到整个10月全都是配对题,11月考试的同学们可是得重点练一下选词填空啊!


  参考答案:暂缺


  雅思写作考情回忆


  小作文:


  线形图, 对比四个汽车制造厂在1998-2005年生产车辆所用的市场。


  今天的小作文比较常规也比较简单。对于单一图表的动态线型图来说,我们只需要再宏观概括中概括出整体呈现的是相似还是不同的趋势,然后根据趋势去分段描述。这边需要注意的时候,大家在分段的时候不用看的非常细节,大致我们可以按照增长和下降去写两个body 段落。在描述数据的时候,需要去强弱化信息而不是单出的只是罗列数据。对于高分要求的同学,句式也需要灵活表达,可以通过改变主语的方式来丰富句式。


  大作文:


  Everyone should stay in school until they reach the age of 18. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


  每个人都应该在学校里待到18 岁。在何种程度你同意此观点?


  今天的大作文也比较简单,题目中should意味着说这道题可以当成两点式题目来考虑,思考这个做法的必要性以及可行度即可。首先我们可以考虑everyone stay in school until they reach the age of 18 这个是否可行。这时候我们就会想到对于一些家庭收入不高的家庭来说,可能很难负担学生的学费。再者如果每个学生在18岁钱都呆在学校的话,其实对于教学资源也有一定要求,需要有足够的学校可以容纳这些学生,但现实情况是很多国家的教学资源可能比较短缺,尤其是一些发展中国家。其次,我们可以讨论就算这个措施可行(可以用虚拟语气),有没有必要这样子做。采取的思路是可以思考弊端有没有大于优点,如果弊端大于优点,那么也没有必要这样子。


  雅思口语考情回忆


  写在前面:本篇主要收录2022年9月的雅思纸笔口语和机考口语题目。


  请大家结合题库,本份预测进行构思、准备、演练。


  Part12 红色题为必备考题,紫色题为第二重点优先准备。


  *重点优先按顺序准备题目,一边刷题库,一边整理语料,根据预测来高效准备,尽量考前确保所有预测都按顺序至少刷过一遍(文档结尾附备考建议)


  三大必考题:Work or study/ Hometown/ Accommodation


  Part1 必备考题


  Singing /Geography /Social media /Puzzles /Technology/Housework and Cooking /Public Transportation /Names/Birthday/Writing /Weather /Snacks/morning time


  Evening times/Computers/Daily routine/ Watches/Old buildings /Talents/Collecting things/Boring things/Meeting places/DoingSports /books and reading habits/advertisement /Mirror/Dreams /Arts /Cinemas/Street markets /Time Management /Sports programs/ Sitting down/science/cars/mobile phones/websites/taking photos/emails


  Part2


  必备考题


  Describe a time when you needed to search for information


  Describe a time when you saw a lot of plastic waste (e.g. in a park, on the beach etc.)


  Describe the home of someone you know well and that you often visit


  Describe a movie you watched recently and would like to watch again


  Describe an outdoor activity you did in a new place recently


  Describe a program you like to watch


  Describe a friend from your childhood


  Describe a photo y isou took that you are proud of


  Describe a disagreement you had with someone


  Describe an important thing you learned (not at school or college)


  Describe a person who is fashionable


  Descibe a person you know who loves to grow plants (e.g.vegetables/fruits/flowers etc.)


  Describe a person who inspired you to do something interesting


  Describe a song/a piece of music you like


  Describe a person you know who is from a different culture


  Describe a time when you received money as a gift


  Describe a problem you had while shopping online or in a store


  Describe a popular place for sports (e.g. a stadium)


  Describe a place in your country that you would like to recommend to visitors/travelers


  Describe a time you made a decision to wait for something


  Describe a time when you forgot/missed an appointment


  Describe an object that you think is beautiful


  Describe something you had to share with others


  Describe a story or novel you have read that you found interesting


  Describe an impressive English lesson that you had and enjoyed


  第二重点准备


  Describe an occasion when someone gave you positive advice or suggestions about you work


  Describe a long walk you ever had


  Describe something you received for free


  Describe a family member who you want to work with in the future


  Describe an interesting neighbor


  Describe an important river/lake in your country


  Describe a quiet place you like to go


  Describe a special day out that cost you little money/didn’t cost you much


  Describe something you do to keep fit and healthy


  Describe something that surprised you


  Describe a contest/competition you would like to participate in


  Describe a traditional product in your country


  Describe an invention that has changed the world in a positve way


  Describe a gift you would like to buy for your friend


  Describe a person who contributes to the society


  Describe an important event you celebrated


  Describe an ambition that you haven’t achieved yet


  Describe a person who you follow on social media


  Describe a difficult decision that you once made


  Describe a way that helps you save a lot of time


  Describe an occasion that you lost something


  Describe something you do that can help you concentrate on work/study


  Describe a positive change that you made


  Describe a famous person in your country


  Describe a time when you helped a child


  Describe a thing you did to learn another language


  Describe an item of clothing that someone gave you


  Describe a story someone told you and you remember


  Describe a course that impressed you a lot


  Describe a skill that you learned from older people


  Describe someone you really like to spend time with


  Describe a time you visited a new place


  Describe a house or an apartment which you would like to live in


  Describe an interesting song


  Describe a city that you think is interesting


  Describe a rule that you don’t like


  Describe a special cake you received from others


  Describe a time when you organised a happy event successfully


  Describe a toy you liked in your childhood


  Describe something that you can’t live without


  Describe a village that you visited


  备考tips:


  有学生反馈本周考到了以下题目:


  Describe a time when you overcame difficulties in doing something and succeeded (New)


  克服困难终成功的经历


  You should say:


  What the difficult task was


  How you overcame the difficulties


  Whether you got help


  And explain how you felt when you succeeded


  这是一个比较复杂的事件类话题。


  对于这个话题,比较困难的点在于要组织两层的故事意思:第一个要描述是什么困难;第二个要讲如何克服困难。


  所以,造成需要描述情节会比较多,所以有可能会在规定的时间内讲不完。


  这种类型的题就建议学生考前能够好好准备一下,能够好好的梳理自己的故事的前因后果,使得故事内容比较清晰和完整。


  这个话题比较常见的思路:


  想要提高某个学科的成绩,但是自己在这门学科的某一方面特别弱,然后聘请课外老师来帮助自己。


  最好能根据自己的情况,组织符合自己自身经历的故事,使得故事听起来比较真实。

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