0571-86011706

盘点真题里雅思阅读的那些“病”

作者: 2022-06-21 15:39 来源:杭州编辑
收藏

医学类的题材在雅思阅读中也屡见不鲜,其中提及的专业术语往往令人望而却步,医学相关专业的考生遇上了当然是做起题来得心应手,而非专业的大多数考生则是瑟瑟发抖。

 

难道做个雅思阅读还得是各专业全才吗?!哈,那大可不必。雅思是门语言考试,怎么会考专业知识呢,正因为这一点,我们才把专业术语当成是阅读里常常是原词重现的特殊定位词,定位一定一个准。

不过,备考期间若能多积累一些阅读话题类词汇,做起阅读题来更是如虎添翼,那就赶紧先来整理一些常出现在阅读中的疾病表达吧。

 

疾病的总称

听到“疾病”,个想到的英文单词是什么呢?是disease吗?disease这个词儿的确是阅读题里的常见词汇,但众所周知阅读同义替换的出题原则,所以除了disease,还有哪些“疾病”的表达吧:

 

illness

【C11T4P1Q2】Twins are at greater risk of developing certain illnesses than non-twins.

 

ailment

 /ˈeɪl.mənt/ 小病,微恙

【C13T2P1Q5考点句】 Cinnamon was also reported to have health benefits, and was thought to cure various ailments, such as indigestion.

epidemic

/ˌep.ɪˈdem.ɪk/(疾病的)流行,传染

【C12T7P3考点句】Researchers study the interactions between humans and their environment that could lead to illness (such as asthma in places with high levels of pollution) and work to create a clear way of categorising illnesses, diseases and epidemics into local and global scales.

 

disorder

/dɪˈsɔː.dər/ 失调,紊乱

【C9T2P3考点句】But fear of public speaking, which everyone must do from time to

time, afflicts one-third of the population. This makes it too common to be considered a mental disorder.

【C9T2P1考点句】The auditory function deficits in question include hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD孤独症谱系障碍) and attention deficit disorders (ADD/ADHD注意缺陷与多动障碍).

 

malaria

/məˈleə.ri.ə/ 疟疾

malaria也是阅读里的常客之一,不仅出现在题目中,还有一篇机经文章专门介绍malaria。

【C9T1P1考点句】 And, in what would have been particularly pleasing to Perkin, their current use is in the search for a vaccine against malaria.

【C12T7P3考点句】Perhaps  one of the most obvious examples of this idea is malaria-prone areas, which are usually tropical regions that foster a warm and damp environment in which the mosquitos that can give people this disease can grow.

【9分达人2T7P2】The Conquest of Malaria in Italy,1900-1962

 

cholera

 /ˈkɒl.ər.ə/ 霍乱

【C14T2P2考点句】Miasmas were feared as the principal agents of disease and epidemics for centuries, and were used to explain the spread of infection from the Middle Ages right through to the cholera outbreaks in London and Paris during the 1850s. 

【C9T1P1】 For instance, they were used to stain previously invisible microbes and

bacteria, allowing researchers to identify such bacilli as tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax.

 

Tuberculosis

(TB) /tʃuːˌbɜː.kjəˈləʊ.sɪs/ 肺结核

【C14T2P2考点句】We put pathogens in the airstreams, modelled for someone with tuberculosis (TB) coughing in the wards and we found the ventilation systems in the room would have kept other patients safe from harm.

 

plague

/pleɪɡ/ 瘟疫

【C15T1P1考点句】At the same time, thousands of people across Europe were dying of the plague, a highly contagious and deadly disease.

 

asthma

 /ˈæs.mə/ 哮喘

【C12T7P2考点句】In many large cities, the wind is not strong enough to clear the air of the massive amounts of smog and pollution that cause asthma, lung problems, eyesight issues and more in the people who live there.

 

polio

 /ˈpəʊ.li.əʊ/ 脊髓灰质炎,小儿麻痹症

【C12T7P3考点句】 It is an increasingly important area of study in a world where diseases like polio are re-emerging, respiratory diseases continue to spread, and malaria-prone areas

are still fighting to find a better cure.

 

autism

 /ˈɔː.tɪ.zəm/ 自闭症

【C9T2P1考点句】Autism is considered a neurological and genetic life-long disorder that causes discrepancies in the way information is processed.

 

以上所列考点句中的都是反复出现疾病表达,阅读考点重复的特点真诚不欺我,让咱们先把常见的表达给记下来,至于漏网之鱼嘛做到随见随记~

姓名:
电话:
提交需求
  • 品牌简介
  • 精品项目
  • 课程中心
  • 线上课堂
  • 留学服务
  • 校区地址
您想学习哪门课程
    您的目标分数
      您的学习周期
      • 一个月
      • 三个月
      • 六个月
      • 六个月以上
      获取报价

      我们将在一个工作日内通知您报价结果

      热门活动

      注册/登录

      +86
      获取验证码

      登录

      +86

      收不到验证码?

      知道了

      找回密码

      +86
      获取验证码
      下一步

      重新设置密码

      为您的账号设置一个新密码

      保存新密码

      密码重置成功

      请妥善保存您的密码
      立即登录

      为了确保您的帐号安全

      请勿将帐号信息提供给他人/机构