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7月25日雅思大作文真题参考范文 | 本国还有人不富裕时,政府是否应该进行国际援助?

作者: 2020-07-30 13:23 来源:杭州编辑
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2020年7月25日

雅思大作文题目

本国还有人不富裕时,政府是否应该进行国际援助?


Some people argue that the government should not pay money for international aid when there are some disadvantaged people at home (homeless or unemployed). To what extent do you agree or disagree? 


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解析&审题




题材:政府+投资

题型:在何种程度上同意还是不同意?

关键词:government + international aid + disadvantaged people at home

需要讨论的观点:当本国还有一些人不富裕时,比如失业者或无家可归者,政府还应该援助他国吗?

建议思路:分层次讨论


复现情况:新题


类似真题:


1. Some people believe countries have moral obligation to help each other, while others worry about aid money does not reach the poor people. 有人认为国家之间有义务互相帮助,但也有人认为穷人接收不到援助。(2016/5/21)

2. Some people think giving aid to poorer countries have more negative effects than positive effects. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 有人认为援助穷国的坏处多于好处。(2013/10/10)

3. Some people think charity organisations should help people in great need wherever they live.However, others think they should help people in their own country.Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion. 有人认为慈善机构应该所有需要帮助的人,也有人认为慈善机构只应该帮助本国人。(2016/8/20)


本题涉及政府投资问题:当本国还有一些人没有房子住(homeless),没有工作干(unemployed)的时候,政府是否应该把钱用来援助其他国家的人(international aid)?这个问题其实我们并不陌生。


思考这个问题的关键是:政府为什么要援助其他国家?如果仅仅从经济上考量,当本国人还有一些人吃不饱、穿不暖时,把钱投给其他国家,的确是令人不可理解的。但是,我们应该看到,国与国之间的交往经常不仅局限于经济考虑,还有政治和道义方面的考虑。在自己国家都还有很多困难的情况下,依然支持别的国家,将为本国赢得声誉和支持,而这些声誉和支持对于一个国家的发展来说,是至关重要的。从这个角度,本文认为:在本国还有一些民众生活困难的时候却花钱去作国际援助,这表面看起来不合理,但量力而行的国际援助却永远都是必要的,而且从长远看是有回报的






高分范文



Every year, the government spends tons of money on international aid, but some people do not like this, arguing that the money should go to the citizens at home still living below the poverty line.


At first glance, this opposition is well grounded. As the government of any country is mainly responsible for protecting its own citizens from harm of any kind, it seems quite absurd to give money to people in other countries when the citizens at home are suffering from poverty. For example, if there are still many people who are jobless and cannot afford their own houses, the government should try its best to help them by creating more jobs rather than paying money for international aid.


The reality, however, is that almost every country across the world, no matter how poor it is, is offering aid to other countries. When Japan was hit by Tsunami in 2003, for instance, it received financial relief from nearly all countries, North Korea included. Giving aid to those countries in need is always regarded as a right thing to do, not only because it can strengthen mutual friendship, but also because it will win global reputation for the country who gives away. This reputation will, in turn, translate into various forms of support, financially or politically, from other countries. A country which never gives aid to other countries may very likely be isolated from the rest of the world.


To conclude, offering international aid is never just a matter of money. Far from being a waste of money, it actually gives the country an opportunity to become a member of the international big family. My argument, then, is that giving appropriate financial help to other countries is always necessary, even when there are still some disadvantaged people at home.   




老师笔记



01



Every year, the government spends tons of money on international aid, but some people do not like this, arguing that the money should go to the citizens at home still living below the poverty line.


每年,政府在国际援助上花费了大量的钱,但有些人不喜欢这样,认为这些钱应该捐给仍然生活在贫困线以下的国内公民。



解析

(1) 开门见山,提出话题,并给出题目中的观点。

(2) Tons of money 大量金钱

(3) Below the poverty line 贫困线下


02



At first glance, this opposition is well grounded. As the government of any country is mainly responsible for protecting its own citizens from harm of any kind, it seems quite absurd to give money to people in other countries when the citizens at home are suffering from poverty. For example, if there are still many people who are jobless and cannot afford their own houses, the government should try its best to help them by creating more jobs rather than paying money for international aid.


乍一看,这种反对是有充分理由的。由于任何国家的政府都主要负责保护本国公民免受任何形式的伤害,因此当本国公民遭受贫困的时候却把钱给外国人似乎是相当荒谬的。例如,如果仍然有许多人失业,买不起自己的房子,政府就应该尽最大努力创造更多的就业机会来帮助他们,而不是把钱用于国际援助。



解析

(1) 本段讨论反方观点:当本国还有很多贫困人口时,政府不应该把钱用于国际援助。

(2) At first glance 乍一看

(3) ...is well grounded ......很有道理

(4) Absurd 荒谬的

(5) Afford 支付得起


03



The reality, however, is that almost every country across the world, no matter how poor it is, is offering aid to other countries. When Japan was hit by Tsunami in 2003, for instance, it received financial relief from nearly all countries, North Korea included. Giving aid to those countries in need is always regarded as a right thing to do, not only because it can strengthen mutual friendship, but also because it will win global reputation for the country who gives away. This reputation will, in turn, translate into various forms of support, financially or politically, from other countries. A country which never gives aid to other countries may very likely be isolated from the rest of the world.


然而,现实是,世界上几乎每个国家,无论多么贫穷,都在向其他国家提供援助。例如,当日本2003年遭受海啸袭击时,它收到了来自几乎所有国家的金融救济,包括朝鲜。向那些有需要的国家提供援助总是被认为是一件正确的事情,这不仅是因为它能加强彼此的友谊,也因为它将为捐助的国家赢得全球声誉。这种声誉反过来将转化为来自其他国家的各种形式的支持,包括财政的支持或政治的支持。从来不向其他国家提供援助的国家很可能与世界其他国家隔绝。



解析

(1) 本段讨论需要向其他国家提供救助的原因:不仅是经济考量,更重要的是政治和声誉上的考量。

(2) Financial relief 经济救助

(3) Mutual friendship 相互友谊

(4) Give away  捐赠

(5) Translate into 转化为......

(6) Isolate 隔离;疏离


04



To conclude, offering international aid is never just a matter of money. Far from being a waste of money, it actually gives the country an opportunity to become a member of the international big family. My argument, then, is that givingappropriate financial help to other countries is always necessary, even when there are still some disadvantaged people at home.   


总之,提供国际援助绝不仅仅是金钱问题。它不是浪费金钱,而是提供了一个融入国际大家庭的机会。因此,我的论点是,给予其他国家适当的财政帮助总是必要的,即使在国内仍然有一些人生活不富裕。



解析

(1) 本段对前面的讨论进行总结,并鲜明给出自己的观点:即使国内还有人生活不富裕,适当的国际援助也是必要的。

(2) Far from... 远非......

(3) Appropriate 适当的

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