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托福写作如何用好倒装句

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2019-06-03 11:02

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      托福写作中用几句倒装句会让你的文章更加出彩,那么如何用好倒装句呢?今天,杭州新航道托福小编就通过实例为大家介绍方法。

 


      1. here, there, now, then等副词引导的句子,通常称作把时间状语,地点状语提前的倒装句,其谓语动词通常跟在时间or地点状语之后。
      ①A controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice appears then.
      变成:
      Then appears a controversy whether starting school day early is a better choice.
      ②In the urban cities, an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living live there.
      变成:
      In the urban cities, there live an increasing number of ambitious youngsters who attempt to earn a better living.
      2. 为了使描述的景象更生动,常把拟声词或away, in, out, up, down等状语放在句首,从而引起主谓全部倒装。
      Down it fell from the apple tree.
      The door opened, in rush the crowed.
      Up went the arrow
      总结1,2: here, there/now, then/in, out/up, down/ away + 谓语动词 + 主语
      3. 句首状语是表示地点的介词词组时,也完全倒装: 地点状语+谓语+主语
      ①很多工厂位于都市。
      Many factories lie in urban cities.
      变成:
      In urban cities lie many factories.
      ②越来越多的学生在美国学习,为了更先进的教育体系和多元文化。
      Students in a growing number study in America, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
      变成:
      In America study students in a growing number, for advanced educational system and diversified culture.
      ③更多的市民选择住在在他们老了以后住小城市。
      More citizens choose to live in a small town when they grow older.
      变成:
      In a small town choose to live more citizens, when they grow older.
      ④更多的年轻人选待在家里放松。
      Many more young people stay at home for relaxation.
      变成:
      At home stay many young people for relaxation.
      4. 表语 放在句首,倒装结构采用:“表语+ 系动词 + 主语”
      1)形容词+系动词+主语:
      大学生很担忧他们未来的职业发展,使他们找各种兼职工作希望去尽可能多的培养技能。
      College students are anxious about their future career development, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.
      变为:
      Anxious about their future career development are college students, leading them to take various different part-time jobs with the hoping to cultivate techniques as many as possible.
      2)现在/过去分词+系动词+主语:
      ①中国正发生巨大的变化。
      The dramatic change is taking place in China.
      变成:
      Taking place in China is the dramatic change.
      ②7-12岁的小孩上不了小学的现象已经一去不复返了。
      The phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools are gone.
      变成:
      Gone are the phenomena that many kids aging from 7 to 12 years old cannot attend primary schools.
      ③发展中和发达国家都遭受了前所未有的经济危机。
      Both developing and developed countries are confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis.
      变成:
      Confronted with an unprecedented economic crisis are both developing and developed countries.
      ④目前学校基础设施的质量正在经历巨大的提升。
      The quality of infrastructure facilities in current schools is experiencing a huge improvement
      变成:
      Experiencing a huge improvement is the quality of infrastructure facilities in current universities.
      ⑤日渐衰败的传统企业处于激烈的竞争市场中。
      Traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation is involved in the market of fierce competition
      变成:
      Involved in the market of fierce competition is traditional enterprises of gradual dilapidation.
      3)介词 + 系动词 + 主语:
      ①由睡眠不足引起的劳累和注意力不集中是导致交通事故的主要因素。
      The fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep are among the main contributors to traffic accidents.
      变成:
      Among the main contributors to traffic accidents are the fatigue and distraction caused by inadequate sleep.
      ②提升教师的工资是提升教学效率最重要的因素的之一。
      Increasing teachers’ salaries is one of the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency.
      变成:
      Among the most indispensable methods to facilitate the improvement of teaching efficiency is increasing teachers’ salaries.
      上面这些漂亮的完全倒装句式写法,不知道大家有没有学到呢?当然,这只是托福写作提分的冰山一角,想要知道更多提分技巧吗?赶快联系杭州新航道的在线老师吧!

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